Sudan and South Sudan’s messy divorce

Posted: February 18, 2013 in Sudan

Sudan and South Sudan’s issues date back as far as the 1950’s, with Sudan as a whole only gaining its independence in 1956 from Egypt\Britain. These issues between Sudan and Southern Sudan quickly dashed the joy of Sudan’s escape from Egypt and Great Britain and the tyranny of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, Al-Zubay and the Khedive of Egypt. Their issues were present before Sudan ever gained its independence as the first Sudanese war began in 1955, one year before the countries independence, as The southern sector of Sudan had aims of achieving representation and more regional autonomy. Southern Sudan basically wanted out even before the nation as a whole was out, wanting to be declared their own, self governing nation. This conflict led to to nearly 20 years of internal fighting that eventually led to a resolution in the form of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, which established the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region.

However, this agreement did not last long, as in 1983, Sudan President Gaafar Nimeiry declared all of Sudan and Islamic state. This in turn led to the Addis Ababa Agreement to be abolished, which led to the eruption of the second Sudanese Civil war, as the South found this declaration to be downright disrespectful. This civil war lasted  approximately 22 years and ended in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which was mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and established the Southern Sudan Government. With millions killed and displaced the hop was that the two sides would finally put their problems behind them. That was until South Sudan declared its independence from Sudan in 2011.

It was voted upon whether or not to break away from Sudan and become their own governing nation, and the results showed that 99% had voted to succeed from Sudan and become The Republic of South Sudan. Along with this decision came conflicts of border issues, several rebellious groups and the region’s resources headlined by natural oil. South Sudan houses 80% of the region’s natural oil reserves and with the financial state that both countries are in this isn’t an issue that is just going to go away anytime soon. Another major issue has been the demilitarization of a contested 14-mile strip of land bordering the Darfur region in Sudan and the Bahr el-Ghazal region in South Sudan. The rebels whom the UN has reported South Sudan at war against accuse the government of plotting to stay in power indefinitely, not fairly representing and supporting all tribal groups while neglecting development in rural areas. With debates raging on and the risk of another civil war on their hands, Both Sudans had better keep a close eye on things, as this situation can get out of hand pretty quickly.

 

Sources:

Wikipedia

New York Times

 

By:Darren Jeters

 

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Comments
  1. jjab74 says:

    Very interesting to see how the split with south Sudan occurred. It seems like with all that Oil now in a separate country, they really might have another civil war. Very interesting about being an Islamic country too.

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