Corruption in Congo

Posted: April 25, 2013 in Congo

by Natalie Bush

After briefly discussing corruption during a class presentation, I wanted to learn more about it specifically applying to the DRC. Thanks to the website presented in class, I was able to gain facts and a better idea of the issue.

Transparency International is an NGO that puts effort toward decreasing corruption. Each year, it publishes a Corruption Perception Index. Out of 176 countries, the DRC is ranked 160 on the index of corruption for 2012      (Transparency). The rank is based on how corrupt a country’s public sector is perceived to be. The index compiles its information from drawing on corruption-related data from surveys carried out by a variety of institutions. From this information, the organization then gives the country a score. Scores range from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). Congo scored 21 (Transparency).

In addition to this, the website also provides additional data. In 2010, Congo ranked in the 3rd percentile for their corruption control (Transparency). The control of corruption percentage reflects perceptions of the extent to which public profile power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption.

Lastly, the website assigns each country a score. The point estimates range from -2.5 to 2.5. The higher values correspond to better governance outcomes. Congo scored a -1.383 (Transparency). Again, this subpar score is consistent with the other rankings and somewhat expected amid the conflict in Congo. However, there are some discrepancies to the rankings.

The Corruption Perception Index is based off of the criteria stated above. However, critics point out a bias involved with the rankings. As discussed in class, the Corruption Perception Index receives a large sum of funding through corporate donors, thus presenting a conflict of interest. Additionally, some critics argue it is impossible to measure corruption to a full extent because it frequently goes unreported (Wikipedia).

While the Corruption Perception Index provides ballpark numbers for corruption among countries, it’s important to understand the data cannot be assumed to be fully accurate. It is certainly helpful in providing a rough idea but cannot be perceived as exact.

Sources:

Transparency

Wikipedia

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